Map of Kaliningrad

 Russian case: South-Eastern Baltic & Gulf of Finland

ABIORAS is exploring underwater and on-land maritime cultural heritage in Russian sector of the South-Eastern Baltic and in Russian sector of the Gulf of Finland.

South-Eastern Baltic

Three case study areas (three pilot areas) have been allocated for exploration in the frame of the BalticRIM project.

Pilot area 1 - Site description

Main characteristics: 7 wrecks and 1 on-land MCH object.

Applied methods: wrecks have been scanned by the side-scan sonar. Lighthouse has been photographed.

Legal status/Presence the national register of cultural heritage: None/Not registered in the official list of national cultural heritage.

Representation in the national planning documentation: None

 

Pilot area 2 - Site description

Main characteristics: 5 wrecks and 32 on-land MCH objects.

Many of the on-land objects are in ruined conditions, other need conservation measures.

 - Neolithic settlement sites

- Medieval coastal settlements

- Sea fortress remains

- Lighthouses

- Traditional fishery villages 19-20th century

Applied methods: analysis of the previous archaeological surveys data, archival research, relevant literature, field surveys.

Legal status/Presence the national register of cultural heritage: Some of the objects have been already registered in the official list of national cultural heritage. Most of them are without any legal status.

Representation in the national planning documentation: None

 

Pilot area 3 - Site description

Main characteristics: 16 on-land MCH objects and UCH objects in the Pregolya river estuary (more than 10 objects). Many of the on-land objects are in ruined conditions, others need conservation measures. UCH objects in the Pregolya river estuary are uninvestigated.

Applied methods: analysis of the previous archaeological surveys data, archival research, relevant literature, field surveys including multi beam echo-sounder and side scan survey.

Legal status/Presence the national register of cultural heritage: Some of the on-land objects have been already registered in the official list of national cultural heritage. Most of them are without any legal status. UCH objects in Pregolya river estuary are without any legal status.

Representation in the national planning documentation: None

Planned activities

- Filed studies in the area including multi beam echo-sounder and side scan survey, diving- visual inspection (exclusive economic zone, lagoons and river estuaries);

- Creation of the database, including wrecks, underwater landscapes, promising in regard of UCH and on-land MCH objects

- Delineation of the valuable area and comprehensive description of regional MCH assets

- Preparation of regulatory framework for the potential UCH site

Expected results

- Reliable information on the location of the known and reported shipwrecks will be added into the database.

- UCH shipwrecks and coastal cultural maritime landscape regulatory framework will be developed.

- Recommendation for including the UCH and on-land MCH objects into the regional/national Registers of CH.

Gulf of Finland

Two case study areas (two pilot areas) have been allocated for exploration in the frame of the BalticRIM project. A total of 53 objects of UCH have been described in the Gulf of Finland (open data, Lukoshkov, 2019).

 Pilot area 1 – Birch Islands, northern coast of the Gulf of Finland

 Site description

Main characteristics: wrecks are mostly not introduced to the regional or national Registers, lists. They are shipwrecks of XIX century and beginning of the XX century (depth 10-36 m). Most of the data are not open fro public.

Applied methods: multi beam echo-sounder and side scan survey, divers surveys, video/photo recording, underwater excavations, restoration of excavated artifacts, 3D-reconstruction (Lukoshkov, 2019).

Pilot area 2 – The area of the Hogland Island

 Site description

The south and north extremities of Hogland Island are surrounded by stone banks and was the area of shipwrecks. From two to six ships sunken near the island annually, more than 300 accidents were recorded in the XVIII- XIX c. One of the most promising areas for conducting archaeological excavations and the organization of underwater tourism. Most of the data are not open fro public.

Main characteristics: About 27 wrecks are found in the area of Hogland Island. Only few of them were identified with some degree of reliability.]

Applied methods: Multi beam echo-sounder and side scan survey, divers surveys, video/photo recording, underwater excavations (Lukoshkov, 2019).

Legal status/Presence the national register of cultural heritage Most of the sites are not registered in the official list of national cultural heritage.

Representation in the national planning documentation None

Planned activities

- Filed studies in the area including multi beam echo-sounder and side scan survey.

- Interaction with relevant stakeholders to receive reliable spatial data on MCH objects for database.

- Delineation of the valuable area and comprehensive description of regional MCH assets.

- Preparation of regulatory framework for the potential UCH site.

 

Expected results

- Reliable information on the location of the known and reported shipwrecks will be received and introduced in the database.

- UCH ship wracks and battle areas regulatory framework developed.

- UCH ship wracks, battle areas introduced in the national development plans.

 

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