Optimising resources: fish and microalgae production
under controlled conditions
Combining fish and microalgae
The logic behind this pilot is that if production of high market-value fish can be combined with a production of a high-value microalgae biomass, there will be an added-value factor which will contribute to the overall economic viability of the production. In order to achieve maximum production efficiency, it is assumed that the aquaponic plant will run under controlled (greenhouse) conditions.
The science behind the pilot
A calculation of the mass balance and a LCA/CO2 footprint will be performed. In order to assess and optimise the control of the cultivation conditions an aquaponic software module based on mathematical models will be developed to form decision support and/or control options. The software module integrates two decision-support system tools – InfoGrow and Virtual Greenhouse – providing between them real-time monitoring, data analysis, simulation scenarios, analysis of planned cultivation changes, grower and supplier support. The models forming the core of the decision support systems indicate the greenhouse conditions, such as growth/photosynthesis, energy use; heat, light, transpiration and humidity, etc. and can be used to assist decisions regarding optimisation, investments and automatisation in the cultivation plant.
Process and outcome
The pilot is planned to consist of 3 phases:
- Analysis of fish water from Rostock University for pre-selection of potential microalgae/fish combinations and mass balance indicators. Lab-scale.
- Small scale pilot with live fish and microalgae at Guldborgsund Zoo for dissemination and educational purposes. Test of integrated aquaponics system and mass balance calculations.
- Large scale pilot – demonstration of fish and microalgae cultivation under controlled conditions with applied software models and data collection.
For the third stage, an algae photobioreactor (PBR) from Denmark fitted for integrated fish and microalgae cultivation – a novel approach for aquaponics in the South Baltic Region –was subsequently transported to and installed in the FishGlassHouse (FGH) at Rostock University (DE) in August 2018. Ten weeks of testing at DTI in Taastrup (DK) have demonstrated the PBR’s ability to produce high quality biomass composed of the same microalgae polyculture that will be used in Rostock. In this final pilot-phase the controlled conditions of the FGH will help to measure the mass balance and contents of the biomass and the water before and after being used for cultivating microalgae – an essential step for the upscaling process.
Research and demonstration results will be disseminated by website, in relevant forums, newsletters, press releases, popular articles and presentations at cross-sector greenhouse technology and aquaculture stakeholder events. Target groups are primarily present and potential fish farms, as well as equipment suppliers.
Picture: Microalgae photobioreactor (PBR) built for novel aquaponics approach in the FishGlassHouse at Rostock University